Cannabis is derived from the scientific name of the cannabis plant (Cannabis sativa). It grows wild in many tropical and temperate areas of the world. It can be grown in almost any climate and is increasingly cultivated by means of indoor hydroponic technology.
Cannabis cultivation requires a lot of things to consider in springing up. First to consider is the growth medium; which is the soil to be used. The soil should have sufficient nutrients, such as Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium which are often provided by fertilizers. The second in consideration; is warmth. The ideal temperature to grow cannabis should be 24 to 30 °C (75 to 86 °F). Temperatures above 31 °C and below 15.5 °C will lead to poor and slow growth. Third; is light. Light can be natural (outdoor growing) or artificial (indoor growing). When using artificial light, you need 16–24 hours of light and 0–8 hours of darkness from the germination until flowering. However, Cannabis only requires thirteen hours of continuous light to remain in the vegetative stage. And typically, flowering is induced by providing at least 12 hours per day of complete darkness. The fourth; is water. Watering frequently and the amount of water is determined by many factors; including temperature, light, age, size, stage of plant’s growth and the soil’s ability to retain water. A conspicuous sign of water problems is the wilting of leaves. Giving too much water can kill cannabis plants if the soil is over saturated. Fifth; the nutrients needed. Nutrients are taken up from the soil by roots. Usually nutrients are found in fertilizers. Fertilizers can be chemical or organic, liquid or powder, and usually contain a mixture of ingredients. Because Cannabis’ nutrient needs vary widely, depending on the variety, they are usually determined by trial and error method. Last; is the humidity. Humidity is an important part of plant growth. Dry conditions slow down the rate of photosynthesis; this is why it is very important to consider this factor.
These are the stages of development in cannabis cultivation. First, is the Germination Stage. Germination is the process in which the seeds sprout and the root emerges. In Cannabis, it takes from 12 hours to 8 days. Germination is initiated by soaking seeds either in between wet paper towels, in a cup of water at room temperature, in wet peat pellets, or directly in potting soil. Next, is the Seedling Phase. The seedling stage begins when the seed coat splits open and exposes the root and round “seed leaves” or cotyledons occur or appear. Usually the seedling phase will last from 1 to 4 weeks. Another is the Vegetative stage. For indoor growing, it usually lasts for 1–2 months. In this stage, the plant needs a significant amount of light and nutrients. Here, the sex of the plant is starting to reveal itself, which is a sign that the next stage will begin. The amount of time to grow a cannabis plant indoors in the vegetative stage depends on the size of the flower, the light used, the size of the space, how many plants are intended to flower at once, and how big the strain gets in “the stretch”. Next is the Pre- flowering Stage. It is also called the “stretch”, this takes one day to two weeks. Most plants spend 10–14 days in this period after switching the light cycle to 12 hours of darkness. Plant development increases dramatically, with the plant doubling or more in size. In this stage, it indicates that the plant is ready to flower. The final phase is the Flowering Stage. The flowering phase varies from about 6 to 22 weeks. The sex of the plant is clearly revealed in the first flowering phase. Males produce little ball-like flowers clustered together like grapes called panicles. If females are not pollinated (fertilized by male pollen) they start to produce buds. Particularly in outdoor climates such as that of the UK, they will start flowering with as much as 16–17 hours of light per day. Usually, they can start flowering in July and finish far earlier than other strains, particularly those that haven’t been bred as outdoor strains. Although the flowering hormone in most plants (including cannabis) is present during all phases of growth, it is inhibited by exposure to light. To induce flowering, the plant must be subject to at least 8 hours of darkness per day; this number is very strain-specific and most growers use 12 hours of darkness.
In October 11, 2016 an incomparable provider of ecological green technologies- Greengro Technologies, Inc. finally presented its consolidation with an Australian-based company which is an expert in the Cannabis industry investments in the Cannabrands AG.
The consolidation is mainly about the franchise of Greengro’s Vertical HydroGarden. Vertical Hydrogarden is a producer of hydroponic supplies all year round. The said company is in line with (CEA) Controlled Environment Agriculture, which is the leader in modular automated hydroponic grow-rooms, portable grow-containers, greenhouses, hydroponic and aquaponics supplies and cultivation consulting services. Both companies are inspiring the whole European state to engage with indoor crop growing.
This consolidation also encourages “student immersion” courses for Europeans. This is to bring about the legalization and the growth of the cannabis market, according to James Haas, CEO of Greengro technologies. The consolidation between the two companies will be very helpful to each other in terms of production and yield. These companies will be starting out in Germany in accordance to an article: “Germany will legalize medical marijuana next year” according to the health minister. The CEO of the company is much confident that this consolidation will be a success and he is very carefree with how things are going.
Inclusive of the agreement with qualified students for the said: “study abroad program”, will be handled by Cannabrands. In addition, they are also in charge for the designation of Vertical Hydrogen storefront franchises in Europe.
On the other hand educational handbooks, tutorials, instructional manuals, and guidelines about the franchise and the student Immersion program will be taken care of the Greengro Technologies. Greengro Technologies is an expert of both indoor and outdoor agricultural science systems within farming markets. They focus on healthy, nutritious, crucial medicine and foods with the help of science. These two companies will be hand in hand equally in the said consolidation.
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